Vaccine Myths vs Facts

COVID-19 is a problem unlike any we’ve faced in our lifetime. To protect yourself and your loved ones against this deadly illness, it’s absolutely essential that you know the truth.

We’ve compiled a list of some common myths circulating about the COVID-19 vaccines to provide you with reliable information. To help you recognize myths from facts, we’ve also included links to credible sources of information about the coronavirus and the available vaccines.

We urge you to consult these sources to answer any questions you may have or verify information you’ve heard. Together, we can set the record straight and share information to help protect our friends, our families and each other.

MYTH: The COVID-19 vaccines have the live virus in them and can give me COVID

Fact: Neither the Pfizer nor Moderna vaccine contain the live COVID-19 virus. So you cannot get COVID-19. Instead, both vaccines use a natural chemical (mRNA) that teaches your body to produce antibodies that protect you from COVID-19. This natural chemical does not enter your cells’ DNA and is quickly destroyed and removed from your body.

MYTH: The COVID-19 vaccines can cause infertility

Fact: There’s no evidence that the COVID-19 vaccines cause infertility. For additional information, click the link below to read more from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Vaccination Considerations for People who are Pregnant or Breastfeeding | CDC

If you’re trying to get pregnant, currently pregnant or breastfeeding, you should talk to your doctor about your risks, preferences and options before getting a COVID-19 vaccine.

MYTH: I have to pay for the COVID-19 vaccine myself

Fact: If you’re a current CareFirst member, you’ll pay $0 for any FDA-authorized vaccine.

MYTH: The COVID-19 vaccines are not effective in preventing illness

Fact: Both vaccines are highly effective at preventing COVID-19. In clinical trials, the Pfizer vaccine was 95% effective against COVID-19, while the Moderna vaccine was 94% effective.

MYTH: I already had COVID-19, so I don’t need to get vaccinated

Fact: Evidence suggests natural immunity to COVID-19 may not last very long. Plus, you can still get re-infected with COVID-19 after recovering from it.

MYTH: The COVID-19 vaccines contain toxic ingredients

Fact: Both COVID-19 vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) contain common vaccine ingredients like fats, salts and a small amount of sugar. When you get the vaccine, you should be asked if you have any allergies to any of the ingredients.

Pfizer vaccine ingredients (see page 2)

Moderna vaccine ingredients (see page 2)